• Necessary Acts of Ritual Prayers (Wajib in Salat)

    1- Starting the prayer with the takbir "Allah-u Akbar";

    2- Reciting the Fatiha Completely;

    3- Reciting a surah (chapter) of the Noble Qur'an after the Fatiha in the first two rakats of the any obligatory prayer and in all the rakats of the Odd-Numbered Prayer (Salat al-Witr) and again in all the rakats of any optional (Nafilah) prayer;

    4- Reciting the Fatiha before the additional Surah (chapter);

    5- When prostrating, placing the fore head and nose on the ground together;

    6- Performing the two prostrations (Sajdah) successively;

    7- Playing attantion to "tadil arkan" (i.e. perform all pillars of the prayer with ease, not shortening them);

    8- In the three rakat or four rakat prayers, sitting at the complation of the second rakat;

    9- Reciting at-Tahiyyatu at the and of the second rakat and when one sits before one has made salutation (Salaam);

    10- When performing any of the obligatory three-rakats and four rakats prayers, Odd-Numbered Prayer (Salat al-Witr) and the first sunnah part of the Noon prayer (Salat az-Zuhr), Standing up for the third rakat as soon as one has recited the at-Tahiyyatu at the and the of second rakad;

    11- When performed congregation, the prayer leader (imam) reciting aloud the Fatiha and the additional surahs of the Noble Qur'an in the obligatory rakats of the Morning Prayer (Salat al-Fajr), in the first two rakats of the obligatory rakats of the Sunset Prayer (Salat al-Maghrib) and the Late Evening Prayer (Salat al-Isha), in the friday Assembly Prayer (Salat jum'a), and in both the Festival Prayer (Eid Prayers)

    12- Again in the Tarawih Prayer and Odd-Numbered prayer following it in the month of Ramadan, the imam's reciting aloud the Fatiha and the additional surahs;

    13- In the obligatory sections of the Noon Prayer (Salat az-Zuhr) and the Late Afternoon Prayer (Salat al-Asr), the imam reciting silently the Fatiha and the additional surahs of the Noble Qur'an;

    14- While following the imam, not reciting anything but remaining silent;

    15- Reciting the Supplications in the Odd-Numbered prayer;

    16- Performing the additional Takbirs in the Eid Prayers;

    17- Giving salaam at the end of the prayer;

    18- Making sajdah sahw (prostration for forgetfulness) at the end of the a prayer if a mistake has been made in it;

    19- Making a prostration after finishing an ayat where a sajdah is called for. This prostration is called the "recitiation prostration" or Sajdah Tilawat.

    On, we must not only perform the missed prayers, but we also must ask Allah forgiveness.

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    Laylat al-Qadr